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俄罗斯海军第954反潜武器测试中心

俄罗斯海军第954反潜武器测试中心

954th test base, [954 IBPV] military unit 87366
Koy-Sary, Lake Issyk-Kul, Kyrgyzstan
42°34'36"N 78°09'46"E



The 954th Anti-submarine Weapons Test Base of the Russian Navy [954-ya Ispytatelnaya Baza Protivolodochnogo Vooruzheniya Voenno Morskogo Flota RF], located at Cape Koy-Sary on Lake Issyk-Kul near Karakol (formerly Przhevalsk ), is unofficially called the sixth fleet of Russia in the marine environment. On the basis of the Russian Navy in Kyrgyzstan, diving equipment and new models of underwater equipment are tested.


Issyk-Kul in translation from Kyrgyz means "hot lake". The water in it does not freeze all year round, due to a combination of deep-water physics, slight salinity and underground thermal activity. There are no such reservoirs in Russia, therefore, samples of the latest torpedoes are brought to Issyk-Kul to find out how they will behave in water when immersed and raised to the surface. Over 170km long and 70km across, Lake Issyk-Köl is the world's second-largest alpine lake. It is the tenth largest lake in the world by volume (though not in surface area), and the second largest saline lake after the Caspian Sea.


Lake Issyk Kul is a Ramsar wetland of globally significant biodiversity and forms part of the Issyk-Kul Biosphere Reserve. The lake has wider historical interest as a way station along the Silk Road, the ancient overland trade route between Europe and the Far East. Significant ruins dot the shores. Some historians have argued that this part of central Asia was the point of origin for the Black Death (plague) that moved along the Silk Road to Europe and Asia during the fourteenth century. The facility remains one of the main objects of discussion in the media of Kyrgyzstan and among the civic activists. The latter doubt the safety of the tests carried out at the facility and accuse Russian sailors of violating environmental standards. In the water area of the lake, allegedly constantly carry out explosions, and the reservoir is exposed to chemical and radiation pollution.


In March 2008, Kyrgyz newspapers reported that 866 hectares (2,140 acres) around the Karabulan Peninsula on the lake would be leased for an indefinite period to the Russian Navy, which is planning to establish new naval testing facilities as part of the 2007 bilateral Agreement on Friendship, Cooperation, Mutual Help, and Protection of Secret Materials. The Russian military will pay $4.5 million annually to lease the area. India also plans to invest in the facility to test all types of torpedoes such as heavy weight torpedoes and those that have thermal navigation system.


The road from Karakol to the base itself takes about half an hour, most of it passes almost off-road. The base itself, as usual, is fenced with a high fence with barbed wire, observation towers are located around the perimeter. The military unit here does not exist free of charge - Russia pays the cost of renting an object: a land plot and part of the lake. The amount is determined by intergovernmental agreements. There are no conscript soldiers here - the base works on a contract basis. The length of stay of servicemen is not limited and depends on their own desire, they mainly serve "long enough". Citizens of Kyrgyzstan make up about 40% of the base’s personnel. The 954th test base of the Navy, deployed in Issyk-Kul, is in many ways unique. First, it is considered the highest mountain base of the Russian Navy, since it is located at an altitude of 1609 meters above sea level - in no country in the world do such objects exist. According to military experts, the Issyk-Kul water is as close as possible to sea water, which allows you to track how torpedoes behave in real conditions. Finally, the location of the landfill in a closed reservoir excludes the possibility of tracking tests and intercepting test samples by ships of other countries, which helps to ensure the safety of the research. In 2017, the 954th test base of the Russian Navy, along with the Kant CSTO air base, the seismic laboratory in Maili-Suu and the military communications center in Kara-Balta, became part of the combined Russian military base in Kyrgyzstan.


However, mainly electric motors are tested at the test site, the damage from which is several times less than, for example, from a water bike. During the test, the water area does not overlap, there is no such possibility as, in fact, no need - the tests are carried out in areas close to the center of the lake, where no one bathes. Tests are carried out once every few months. The military emphasizes that the tested samples do not carry any danger, neither combat units, nor even some radioactive elements in them. The engines are mostly electric, and therefore launching a torpedo harms the ecology of the lake in less than one scooter.


This place is considered ideal for such tests - the location of the test area in the closed water body excludes the possibility of tracking the tests and intercepting the test samples by vessels of third countries. In addition, by agreement between Russia and Kyrgyzstan of July 5, 1993, the base was

俄罗斯海军第954反潜武器测试中心位于吉尔吉斯斯坦伊塞克州卡拉科尔地区的科伊萨利角。其主要任务是对俄罗斯海军的各种武器装备进行测试,特别是鱼雷武器和潜水设备的测试。此外,如果从康德空军基地起飞的飞机坠毁在了伊塞克湖,该测试中心将负责对其的搜救。该基地的历史最早可以追溯到1955年8月24日,那时苏联海军的旗帜第一次飘扬在伊塞克湖上。自那时起,伊塞克湖一直是苏俄海军测试武器的地方。第954反潜武器测试中心拥有17艘船只。其中最主要的试验舰艇是1艘舷号为“ОК-443”的206型鱼雷艇,该艇经过特殊改造,只有两个533毫米鱼雷发射筒,可以用于试射各种鱼雷。该艇也是目前俄罗斯海军现役的最后一艘鱼雷艇。该艇早在20世纪60年代后期就来到了伊塞克湖,曾参与过“暴风雪”反潜导弹。



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最后编辑心意 最后编辑于 2020-03-23 18:16:44
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http://blog.sina.com.cn/u/1461076462

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2017年1月29日,俄罗斯和吉尔吉斯斯坦签署的一项协议正式生效,根据该协议,俄罗斯在吉尔吉斯斯坦共和国领土上的4个军事基地被整合为1个联合军事基地,以便更有效地集中指挥。俄罗斯在吉尔吉斯坦一共有4个军事基地,它们是位于康德城的俄罗斯空军第999空军基地(康德空军基地)、位于伊塞克湖畔卡拉科尔的俄罗斯海军第954反潜武器测试中心、位于卡拉-巴尔塔的俄罗斯海军第338远程通信中心以及位于马鲁乌苏的第17地震监测中心。

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最后编辑心意 最后编辑于 2020-03-23 19:07:13
新浪博客
http://blog.sina.com.cn/u/1461076462

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